1. How to spell a word correctly ?

There are many spelling rules for English words, but here are a few of the most important and common ones:

  1. Double the final consonant when adding -ed or -ing to a word that has one syllable and ends with a vowel-consonant pattern. For example, “hop” becomes “hopped” and “hoping.”

  2. When adding -s or -es to a noun to form the plural, if the noun ends in -s, -x, -z, -sh, or -ch, add -es. For example, “box” becomes “boxes,” “dish” becomes “dishes.” If a noun ends in -y and is preceded by a consonant, change the -y to -ies. For example, “baby” becomes “babies.” otherwise just add -s.

  3. When adding -ing or -ed to a verb that ends in -e, drop the -e before adding the ending. For example, “dance” becomes “dancing” and “danced.”

  4. When adding -ly to an adjective to form an adverb, leave the adjective unchanged. For example, “happy” becomes “happily.”

  5. When adding -able or -ible to a word, drop the final -e if the word has it before adding the ending. For example, “like” becomes “likeable” and “possible” becomes “possible.”

  6. Some words are spelled the same but are pronounced differently and used in different contexts, called homophones, such as their, they’re and there, your and you’re, its and it’s, etc.

  7. In general, it is important to memorize the spelling of commonly used words, and to use a dictionary if you are unsure of the spelling of a word.



2. Click here to get a list of common words asked in various exams (SSC, WBCS, etc.) for spelling test.