Introduction

Take the three examples given below to start with:

    1. He put the lamp on the table.
    2. He is just out now.
    3. He put out (extinguished) the lamp.

In the first and second sentences, you get the usual meanings of put and out. These two words have been grouped together in the third sentence and put out acquires a sense which has little connection with either put or out. Verbs followed by some prepositions or adverbs sometimes develop an idiomatic sense. Such groups are called Group Verbs or Verb Idioms or Phrasal Verb.

The construction looks like Verb+Preposition Or, Verb+Adverb

Here we go through a few Group Verbs:

Act

Act on/upon (worked upon) –
Act on/upon (carried out) –
Act up to (as expected) –

Bear

Bear away (or off) (win) –
Bear down (overthrow) –
Bear on (or upon) (be relevant to) –
Bear out (prove) –
Bears up (supports) –
Bear with (tolerate) –

Blow

Blow in (call to see) –
Blow out (put out) –
Blow over (pass by) –
Blew up (destroyed by explosives) –
Blow upon (betray) –

Break

Break away from (give up) –
Break down (become ill) –
Break in (enter by force) –
Break in (train) –
Break in on (interrupt) –
Break into (force an entry) –
Break off (stop suddenly) –
Break out (begin suddenly) –
Break through (get through by force) –
Break up (dispersed) –
Brake with (quarrel with) –

Bring

Bring about (cause) –
Bring along (educating) –
Bring back (cause to remember) –
Bring down (cause to fall) –
Bring down (excited great applause) –
Bring in (yields) –
Bring forth (causes, produces) –
Bring off (rescue) –
Bring on (cause to happen) –
Bring out (publish) –
Bring round (caused to recover) –
Bring under (make obedient) –
Bring up (rear) –

Burst

Burst forth (issued suddenly) –
Burst in (get in by force) –
Burst into laughter.
Burst with laughing.
Burst into tears.
Burst out crying.
Burst upon (came suddenly) –

Call

Call at (visit) –
Call for (deserve) –
Call forth (make to come) –
Call in (ask to come) –
Call off (stop) –
Call on (pay a short visit) –
Call out (summon) –
Call over the names in class.
Call up (recollect) –
Call upon (order) –

Carry

Carry about (keep with) –
Carry way (powerfully influenced) –
Carry off (kill) –
Carry on (conduct) –
Carry out (obey) –
Carry through (bring to a successful end) –

Come

Come about (happen) –
Come across (find/meet suddenly) –
Come along (make haste) –
Come by (get back) –
Come down (become cheaper) –

Give

Give away (give in marriage) –
Give away (distribute) – Prize
Give in (hand over) –
Give in (surrender/yield) –
Give out (be exhausted) –
Give out (distribute) – handouts
Give out (announce) –
Give over (stop) –
Give over (abandon as incurable) –
Give over to (set aside for) –
Give up (stop) – a bad habit
Give up (stop trying to cure) –
Give up (resign) –
Give up (surrender) –

Go

Go at (selling at a price of) –
Go back to (belongs to) –
Go back on (break a promise) –
Go by (pass) –
Go by (judge by) –
Go down (price fall) –
Go down (be remembered) –
Go in for (sitting for) –
Go in for (have as a hobby) –
Go into ( examine carefully ) –
Go off ( discharge) –
Go on (continue) –
Go on for (approach) –
Go out (stop burning lamp) –
Go out (go out of fashion) –
Go over (change position or place) –
Go through (examine) –
Go through (is being sold) –
Go through with (complete) –
Go up (increased in price) –
Go well with (match) –

Hang

Hang about (waited idly about) –
Hang back (hesitate) –
Hang on (hold or wait) –
Hang on (listen attentively) –
Hang over (threaten) –
Hang up (delay) –

Hold

Hold by (stick to) –
Hold forth (offer) –
Hold forth on (make a speech on) –
Hold in (restrain) –
Hold on (persist) –
Hold out (offer) –
Hold out (offer resistance) –
Hold over (postpone) –
Hold up (delay) –
Hold up (to stop with the intent to rob) –
Hold with (approve of) –

Keep

Keep at (stick to) –
Keep back (conceal) –
Keep keep down (control) –
Keep of (or keep away from) –
Keep on (continue) –
Keep on about (keep on talking about) –
Keep to (adhere to) –
Keep to (maintain lane on road) –
Keep up (maintained) –
Keep up with (go forward) –
Keep up with (understand) –

Lay

Lay about or into ( ) –
Lay aside (give up) –
Lay aside (or lay by, in) (save) –
Lay down (sacrificed) –
Lay down (surrendered) –
Lay down (set down on paper) –
Lay ff (discharge for lack of work) –
Lay out (arranged) –
Laid up (confined to bed) –

Let

Let by (allow one to pass by) –
Let down (fail to help) –
Let in (be cheated) –
Let into (made acquainted with) –
Let off (pardon) –
Let out (make known) –
Let out –

Look

Look after (takes care of) –
Look down upon (despise) –
Look for (expect) –
Look forward to (expect with pleasure) –
Look in (pay a short visit) –
Look into (investigating) –
Look on (consider) –
Look out (be careful) –
Look out for (search) –
Look over (examine) –
Look to (attend to) –
Look to (take care) –
Look to (expect) –
Look up (search for) –
Look up (call on) –
Look up (improve) –
Look up to (admire) –
Look upon (regard) –

Make

Make after (chase) –
Make away with (commit suicide) –
Within a few years, he made away (or off) with (squandered) his fortune.
Make for (contribute to) –
Make of (understand) –
Make off (run away) –
Make out (understand) –
Make out (prepare) –
Make over (transfer by deed) –
Make up (invent excuses) –
Make up (compose) –
Make up for (compensate for) –

Pass

Pass away (die) –
Pass by (be overlooked) –
Pass for (is thought to be) –
Pass off (represent wisely) –
Pass off (go through to the end) –
Pass on (transmit) –
Pass over (overlooked) –

Pull

Pull down (become weaker) –
Pull round (recover) –
Pull through (save from ruin) –
Pull up (rebuke) –

Put

Put about (worry) –
Put back (check) –
Put by (ignored) –
Put down (suppress) –
Put down (write) –
Put in a word (speak on one’s behalf) –
Put in (make a claim) –
Put in for (apply for) –
Put off (take off) –
Put off (postponed) –
Put on (pretended to have) –
Put out (extinguish) –
Put out (annoyed) –
Put up (stay) –
Put up (nominate as a candidate) –
Put up with (tolerate) –

Run

Run after (pursue) –
Run away with (use up) –
Run down (stop going) – clock
Run down (tired) –
Run down (knocked down) –
Run down (speaks against) –
Run in (arrest) –
Run into (incur debt) –
Run into (book edition) –
Run out (become exhausted) –
Run over (read through quickly) –
Run through (used up) –
Run up (hoisted flag) –
Run up (elect hastily) –

See

See into (investigate) –
See off (saw my departure) –
See over (inspect) –
See through (find out) –
See to it (take car of it) –

Set

Set about (started) –
Set aside (rejected) –
Set down (record) –
Set forth (state clearly) –
Set in (begin) –
Set off (or out or forth) (started) –
Set on (attacked) –
Set out (state) –
Set out (display) –
Set to (begin in earnest) –
Set up (established) –
Set up (start a business) –
Set up (raise voice) –

Stand

Stand by (help) –
Stand down (withdraw from contest) –
Stand for (supports) –
Stand for (tolerate) –
Stand in (take a share) –
Stand to (stick to) –
Stand up for (defend) –
Stand up to (resist) –

Take

Take after (resemble) –
Take down (write down) –
Take one for (mistake one as) –
Take in (understand) –
Take in (cheat) –
Take off (start) –
Take on (become popular) –
Take over (take charge) –
Take to (form a liking for) –
Take to (form a habit of) –
Take up (adopt as a profession) –
Take up (raise a matter) –

Tell

Tell of (rebuke, scold) –
Tell on (affect) –

Turn

Turn down (reject) –
Turn in (go to bed) –
Turn on (allow to operate) –
Turn on (attack) –
Turn off or out (stop to operate) –
Turn out (assemble) –
Turn out (proved to be) –
Turn out (produce) –
Turn to (got to work) –
Turn up (arrive) –

Work

Work in (causes a change) –
Work in (fit in) –
Work off (dispose of) –
Work out the sum.
Work out well. (plan)
Work out (excite) –

Write

Write one down (declare one to be) –
Write off (cancel) –
Write writes oneself out (exhausts one’s ideas) –
Write up (bring to date) –
Write up (praised in writing) –

Phrasal Verbs asked in WBCS